Technology stack refers to the group of technologies or tools used to run an app. It is analogous to car parts where each part provides an essential function for the car to run. The car body (front end), engine (web host), carburetor (database) – all of them work together so that you can steer and control your car.

In information technology, smartphone and desktop apps run on two or more technologies.  If you run your own website, it’s likely that you are using a technology stack – the front end (the control panel or the Cpanel); the hardware (user’s phone or desktop); the back end or server (the database, Python, Ruby, PHP); and the web host (inter-server, GoDaddy, Apache).

Choosing the best technology stack would save time, lower your development cost, decrease your development-to-market time, and produce quality apps. Here’s how:

Development Process

  • Know your purpose: Determine if your software needs complex apps (CRM, ERP, Inventory) or simple apps (task organizer, timer, text reader). Complex apps mean a higher tech stack.
  • Choose tools that increase iteration speed: Iteration speed refers to the speed by which development phases or cycles within the entire development project are completed. The faster these iterations are completed, the sooner the app can be released in the market. You can also decrease development time by ensuring that your team is familiar with the chosen programming languages and tech stack.

Front-End (visual part) and Backend (server side)

  • Choose a user-friendly front-end technology: Consider the users before the technology. Consider the responsiveness, user interface (UI) and User Experience (UI) when the app is run on tablets, desktops, or smartphones. The technology stack should also support the best programming languages for front end and back end. In addition, consider using popular browsers that run on multiple platforms (Windows, iOS, Linux, Android).
  • Use libraries or frameworks: They shorten development time and lead to the development of user-friendly technology.

LIBRARIES

(Reusable piece of code)

FRAMEWORKS

(Multiple libraries)

 ●       Animate.css

●       D3.js

●       Glimmer

●       jQuery

●       React

●       Lodash and Underscore

●       Modernizr

●       Woah.css

 

Front-end frameworks

●       Angular JS/Angular

●       Aurelia

●       Ember.js

●       React JS

●       Vue.js

Back-end frameworks

●       Express.js

●       Meteor.js

Choose the type of web application according to project complexity

For simple web apps, you can use a Content Management System (WordPress, Joomla) and web-based drag and drop tools such as Sitepad and Weebly. For complex web apps such as social network and e-commerce, hardcoding with the use of programming languages is needed.

Consider the ease of debugging

The more complex a mobile or desktop app is, the more code and the higher the tech stack it has. The ease of testing and debugging codes also lies in the number of technologies that support your chosen programming language. In this regard, choose a language that is supported by various apps and platforms. Languages that are easy to test include Python, Ruby, and PHP.  Also, use good debuggers such as iDA prof and Atom.

Support and Market Lifecycle

  • Future-proof your tech: As the technology matures, more old frameworks, platforms, and programming languages are updated or replaced. Ensure that your tools are reliable. At the same time, future-proof your app by ensuring that your technology stack remains compatible with technologies that will potentially emerge in the future.
  • Determine if the technology stack is supported by large companies: Huge companies and communities sponsor technologies that they deem reliable. React gets support from Facebook; Python from Python software foundation; Rust from Mozilla research; and Angular, from Google. Having support from these companies provides you with advantages as you receive updates and community support for them.

So, How to Choose the Right Technology Stack for My App

  • Consider the use of open source technology stacks: Using licensed technologies can add to your maintenance cost. As such, consider using open source languages for web and app development, such as the following:
    • Swift is used in iOS and OS X based apps. It is easy to maintain.
    • Java is used in Android apps, games, bid data tech, and scientific apps. It is platform independent.
    • Python is used in web and app development, as well as in desktop GUIs. It is easy to learn.
    • PHP is used in making websites and multiplatform apps (Android, iOS, and Windows).
    • Ruby is used in making dynamic web pages and Android apps, as well as in general purpose apps. It has a vast library called Web application Testing in Ruby.
  • Consider your developers’ salaries: The more advanced the tech stack is, the higher the developer salaries are. The use of more complex technologies may also make it harder to find developers with the right skillsets.

Conclusion

The successful development of an app depends largely on the use of the appropriate technology stack for it. There are many factors to consider – from the type of technology to use and the cost to the selection of the right developers for the project.

To make this complicated process easier and simpler, Contact Us. We can determine the best technology stack for your app, and we also have the best team of IT professionals to ensure your app’s successful development. Visit our website for more information.

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