Many applications and programming tools can become useless if they fail to keep up with rapid changes in the environment. A month can make existing tools obsolete, and a year can change the landscape of web development and the dominant languages used in a community. Choosing the right web development language and tools depends on several considerations, such as:

  • level of experience
  • desired ease of use
  • complexity of syntax
  • ease of debugging
  • size of market and community of users
  • versatility of language
  • the availability of learning resources and courses
  • users’ reviews
  • choice of environment
  • learning curve
  • size of data needed
  • purpose and objective
  • budget and maintenance costs
  • compatibility with the operating system

There is no universal web development language. Choosing one still depends on whether you’re a full-stack, front-end (client-side), or back-end (server-side) developer. But both types of web developers must carefully consider emerging issues, types of operating systems, changes made by browsers and applications, and variety of devices being introduced.

One application may work on a laptop but not on a mobile phone. The web development language chosen must be able to adapt well because the industry’s landscape can be quite unpredictable.


Front-end web development language

Front-end web development languages consist of tools that create what is displayed on the user’s screen and highly consider user interface (UI) and user experience (UE). The objective of front-end development is to ensure that users easily navigate through and interact with the website or application created.

The level of interaction a website can do depends on whether the website is static or dynamic. Static websites are those that depend on hyperlinks as the only form of interaction with its users. You’ll only need knowledge on HTML (hypertext markup language) and CSS (cascading style sheets).

For dynamic interaction and added features, more advanced front-end and back-end web development languages are needed.

Because it is easy to use and it has a wide community, JavaScript (JS) is one of the major cores of front-end web development. Don’t confuse JavaScript with Java. JS is available both for front-end but also for back-end developers. JavaScript covers a wide spectrum of frameworks and libraries that make up the front-end toolkit. Websites like Google, Facebook, and Wikipedia use JS.

JS is popularly known for its structure and functions. It is dynamic and has a lot of libraries. A language that has many frameworks and libraries are expected to be easier to use. Here are a few of the most popular JavaScript frameworks: Ember, Vue, jQuery, Angular, React, and Backbone.


Back-end web development

Back-end web development languages, on the other hand, focus on the creation of the logic of applications and websites. This side of the process is the interior, which consists of the server itself, a database, an operating system, and the software. The benefit of using open-source languages is that it saves on maintenance costs. Here is a brief list of the most common and easy-to-use open-source languages.

Java, which has been in existence since the 1990s, is a general-purpose programming language with an independent platform. This means that it is compatible with any operating system. It is the default language used for creating Android apps, bid data tech, and games. Java is popular for its wide range of libraries and frameworks, and abundance of documentation. This targets industry-level applications, such as e-commerce and security.

PHP was released as early as 1995. It uses HTML scripting language, allowing easier content management and web templates. It is multiplatform and compatible with iOS, Windows, and Android. PHP can be found in back-end stacks of many websites, including Wikipedia, WordPress, and Facebook.

Python, like Java, is also a general-purpose language. It is used for app and web development and graphical user interface. It is popular for its large library and pre-coded functions, allowing developers to do more with fewer codes. It is also popular within the scientific community because of its ability to process big datasets.

Swift is a relatively new language that is rapidly gaining popularity. It was released in 2014. It is popular for creating Apple’s native apps. It is used both in iOS and OS X.

C# was developed by Microsoft and is a hybrid of C++ and C. It was used to develop software for the .NET platform. You’ll need C# for creating websites and apps for Microsoft.

Ruby is also used for creating Android apps, dynamic web pages, and general-purpose apps. It is multi-paradigm. It uses Ruby on Rails as its framework. It also has a vast library. Ruby and Python focus on productivity with a simple language-like syntax.

In sum, choosing the appropriate web development language ultimately depends on your purpose—whether you’re doing this for educational purposes, career purposes, or just for personal use. The important thing is that you are familiar with the most commonly used languages out there. If you need help in deciding on the right web development language for your project, consult with us at Scio today.

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